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Introduction to Earth Science


This website is a"free" on-line textbook for an introductory course in earth science.

Content description:
This course is an introduction to earth science and the processes affecting our physical environment.

The first part of the course is an examination of fundamental concepts important to understanding the science of astronomy and earth materials in our physical world. Geologic diagrams and maps are essential part of visualizing geologic phenomena.

Earth History and Evolution are reviewed are essential concepts relating to all other earth science topics

Plate Tectonics is the modern foundation for resolving the geologic history of regions, and is important to understanding natural hazards including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis.

The Rock Cycle is a pathway to understanding how rocks form and how they change through geologic time. Processes involving igneous activity, surficial weathering, erosion, and deposition, and the consolidation of sediments back into solid material are examined.

Examination of surface environments
is the focus of several chapter with focus on water (liquid and solid ice), or lack of it (deserts). A chapter on oceans and shorelines examines the physical environment where most humans live along coastlines.



Chapter 1: Intro to Earth Science (& Astronomy)
Chapter 2: Rocks and Minerals
Chapter 3: Basic Geologic Principles & Maps
Chapter 4: Evolution of Earth & Life Through Time
Chapter 5: Atmospheric Processes and Climate
Chapter 6: Earth's Structure and Plate Tectonics
Chapter 7: Fault Systems and Earthquakes
Chapter 8: Igneous Rocks & Volcanic Activity

Chapter 9: Weathering, Erosion, and Mass Wasting
Chapter 10: Sedimentary Rocks & Processes
Chapter 11: Metamorphic Rocks & Processes
Chapter 12: Streams, Rivers, & Water Underground
Chapter 13: Glaciers & Glaciation
Chapter 14: Deserts
Chapter 15: Ocean Basins
Chapter 16: Ocean Shorelines & Processes
Glacier cirque in Great Basin National Park.

Del Mar Dog Beach sedimentary formations in sea cliff.

Volcanic flow spilling into ocean.
See the complete list of Quiz Questions (52 page .PDF document).

See a guide to making Coastal Field Trip Observations.

Alternative Assignments (for students who can't attend field trips).

The content is all open source material - derived or modified from available on federal, state, and local government websites and publications. Much of content (text, graphics, and photographs) are donated from GeologyCafe.com, a website dedicated to supporting public earth-science education.
Please note: this website may be modified over time. Information on this website may be revised or replaced. Contact: pstoffer@miracosta.edu
http://gotbooks.miracosta.edu/index.html 8/16/2018