Geology of the New York City Region

Airliner view of the Outer NY Harbor at the mouth of the New York Bight.
The main home-page graphic (below) was taken from a San Francisco to Kennedy Airport flight in 1998. The view looking east is of the Verrazano Bridge (across the Verrazano Narrows) that separates the inner and outer New York Harbor. On the left (closer to farther, respectively) is the terminal moraine that forms Bay Ridge (by the bridge), the "outwash plain" in the vicinity of Belt Parkway through Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, and the modern barrier islands of Coney Island and Breezy Point (of the Rockaways). On the right is Fort Wadsworth and the eastern end of South Beach (both part of Gateway National Recreation Area on Staten Island). The northern tip of Sandy Hook in the distant right defines the harbor entrance to Raritan Bay and the Atlantic Ocean in the distance. Ships are following the main shipping channel into New York Harbor.
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Last modified: 3/11/2019