Lava Beds National Monument

Selected References

Donnelly-Nolan, J. M., 1990, Medicine Lake Volcanic Field: in Volcanoes of North America, United States and Canada: Wood, C. A. and Kienle, J., editors, Cambridge University Press, p. 212-214.

Donnelly-Nolan, J. M., Champion, D. E., Miller, D. D., Grove, T. L., and Trimble, D. A., 1990, Post-11,000-Year Volcanism at Medicine Lake Volcano, Cascade Range, Northern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no. B12, p. 19,693-19,704.

Donnelly-Nolan, J. M., 1987, Medicine Lake Volcano and Lava Beds National Monument, California: in Cordilleran Section of the Geological Society of America, Hill, M. L., editor, Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America, Centennial Field Guide No. 1, p. 289-294.

Donnelly-Nolan, J. M. and Champion, D. E., 1987, Geologic Map of Lava Beds National Monument, Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Information Series Map I-1804, scale 1:24,000.

Grimes, K., 2005, Lava Tube Formation - Lava Flows and Their Caves: Proceedings of the X, XI, and XII International Symposia on Vulcanospeleology, Espinasa, R., and Pint, J., editors, Association of Mexican Cave Studies Bulletin 19, 4 p. Available on-line at:

Harter, R., 1982, Lava stalactites: terminology, shape and possible origins: in Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology, Halliday, W. R., editor, International Speleological Foundation, p. 111-112. Available online at:

Hirt, W., 2008, Geologic Overview of the Medicine Lake volcano, California: Weed, California: College of the Siskiyous, Department of Natural Sciences, class field trip website. Available on-line at:

Larson, C. V., 1992, Lava tube systems of Lava Beds National Monument: in Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology, Halliday, W. R., editor, International Speleological Foundation, p. 79-82. Available on-line at:

Miller, C. D., 1989, Potential Hazards from Future Volcanic Eruptions in California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1847, 17 p.

National Park Service, 2007, Rock Art at Lava Beds: Lava Beds National Monument website. Available on-line at:

Swartz, B. K., 1978, Klamath Basin Petroglyphs (Revised and Abridged): Anthropological Papers, No. 12, Bean, L. L. and Blackburn, T. C., Socorro, New Mexico: Ballena Press, 30 p., 15 plates. Available on-line at:

USDA, 2003, Two-Needle Pinyon (Pinus edulis Engelm.) Plant Guide: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service website. Available on-line at:

Wright, T. L. and Pierson, T. C., 1992, Living With Volcanoes, The U.S. Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1073, 57 p.
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