Selected References

Note that there is an abundance of literature about the Ohio archaeological sites discussed on this website. Unfortunately, much of it still only exists in paper form (in libraries and archives) and that have not yet migrated to the web for free-and-open public use. Some of information used to compile the text on this website was compiled from information presented on interpretive signs and displays the park visitor centers and on the grounds at these archaeological park locations.

Below is a partial list of sources of information used in the development of this website.
Unfortunately, website URLs are not linked because they may change or go away over time.

Lepper, Bradley T. [author and editor], 2004, Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures: The companion book to The Ohio Archaeology Media Project: Wilmington, Ohio: Orange Frazer Press, 299 p.

Pielou, E. C., 2008, After the Ice Age: The Return of Life to Glaciated North America: University of Chicago Press, 376 p.

Squier, Ephrain G and Davis, Edwin H., 1847 [1848], Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley: Smithsonian Contrubtions To Knowledge - Volume 1, 48 plates.

Hopewell Culture National Historic Park

Hopewell Culture National Historic Park: National Park Service website, [2019]:
Links below described each of the 6 discontiguous units that are a part of the park:
Mound City Group:
Hopeton Earthworks:
Seip Earthworks:
Hopewell Mound Group:
Spruce Hill Earthworks:
High Bank Works

Hopewell Culture National Historic Park
(Ohio State Parks website, ~2019)

Hopewell Culture National Historic Park (U.S. National Park Service website, ~2019)

Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks
(World Heritage Ohio website, ~2019)

Adena culture: Wikipedia website [2019]:

Archaeological Institute of America, 2019, Who Were the Hopewell? Archaeology (Archive)

Engberg, Tom, [2019], Places: Hopewell Culture National Historic Park, Ohio (NPS website):

Pauls, Elizabeth P, [editor, 2019], Hopewell culture (North American Indian Culture): Encyclopedia Britannica:

Platt, Deb, 2012: Hopewell Culture National Historical Partk: Mound City (website):

Ohio History Central, [2019], 1959 Ohio Statewide Flood:

Ohio History Central, [2019], Chillicothe, Ohio: Ohio History Central (Ohio History Connection) [2019],_Ohio

Ohio Department of Natural Resources, [2019], Great Seal State Park:

Seip Mound State Memorial (Ohio State Parks website, ~2019)

Shetrone, Henry C., 1928 [1930], Mound Builders: Tuscaloosa, The University of Alabama Press, [476 p. listed in 2004 reprint edition].

Virtual Grounds Interactive, [2019], The Ancient Ohio Trail, Mound City (website):

Serpent Mound State Memorial

Carlton, Richard W., Christian Koeberl, Mark T. Baranoski, Gregory A. Schumacher, 1998, Discovery of microscopic evidence for shock metamorphism at the Serpent Mound structure, south-central Ohio: confirmation of an origin by impact: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 162, p. 177–185.

Driapsa, David, 2016, Great Serpent Mound State Memorial: Written And Descriptive Data: Historic American Landscape Survey. Washington D.C.: National Park Service HALS OH-9, 4 p.

Milam, Keith A., 2010, A Revised Diameter for the Serpent Mound Impact Crater in Southern Ohio: Ohio Journal of Science, 110 (3): p. 34-43.

Ohio Division of Geological Survey, 2006, Bedrock geologic map of Ohio: Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey Map BG-1, generalized page-size version with text, 2 p., scale 1:2,000,000.

Putnam, F. W., The Serpent Mound of Ohio. The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, November 1889 - April 1890, Volume 39 [includes historic map of Serpent Mound].

Reidel, S. P., 1975, Bedrock geology of the Serpent Mound cryptoexplosion structure, Adams, Highland, and Pike Counties, Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey Report of Investigations 95, color map, scale 1:12 000, one sheet with text.

Fort Ancient State Memorial

Fort Ancient State Memorial (Ohio State Parks website, [2019]

Fort Ancient (Wikipedia website, ~2019)

Ohio Prehistory: Dayton Society of Natural History at Fort Ancient (website date of 2013)

Miamisburg Mound State Memorial

Miamisburg Mound State Memorial ( website, ~2019)

Shawnee Lookout Park

Wikipedia, [2019], Shawnee Lookout Archaeological District:

University of Cincinnati, 2009, Shawnee Lookout May Be Largest Continuously Occupied Hilltop Native American Site In United States: [2019], Shawnee Lookout Indian Mounds, Hamilton County, Ohio:

[2019] declares the website was accessed as reference material.
Return to Main Page