Introduction to Earth Science

Introduction to Earth Science

Quiz 4 - Evolution of Earth & Life Through Time

1. Populations of organisms can develop similar features based upon a utilizing a similar environment and living habits. This process is called:
a. natural selection.
b. divergent evolution.
c. convergent evolution.
d. competition.

2. The science of evolution involves which of these concepts?
a. The life mission of individuals in any species is to eat, survive, and reproduce.
b. While living, individuals must deal with competition (within a population of their own species, or with other species).
c. Individuals within a species must adapt to "environmental changes" or they face die offs or extinction.
d. all of the above.

3. The term used by the scientific community to refer to "the total number of fossils that have been discovered, as well as to the information derived from them" is called:
a. paleontology.
b. the fossil record.
c. a sedimentary sequence.
d. evolution.

4. Single-celled organisms (both prokaryotes and eukaryotes) appear in what geologic era?
a. Precambrian
b. Cambrian
c. Paleozoic
d. Mesozoic

5. Multicellular animals that have cells that differentiated into tissues and organs and usually have a digestive cavity and nervous system are called:
a. prokaryotes.
b. eukaryotes.
c. stromatolites.
d. metazoans.

6. The earliest period of the Paleozoic Era when "shelled organisms" first appear in the sedimentary record:
a. Precambrian.
b. Cambrian.
c. Ordovician.
d. Devonian.

7. The period when bony fishes first flourished in the Paleozoic Era:
a. Precambrian.
b. Cambrian.
c. Ordovician.
d. Devonian.
e. Cretaceous.

8. The period when fossil forests produced extensive coal deposit through eastern North America:
a. Devonian.
b. Pennsylvanian.
c. Permian.
d. Triassic.
e. Cretaceous.

9. The period that amphibians first appear in abundance?
a. Ordovician
b. Devonian
c. Mississippian
d. Permian
e. Jurassic

10. The "Age of Reptiles" best applies to which time range?
a. Mesozoic Era
b. Devonian
c. Cenozoic Era
d. Tertiary Period

11. The greatest mass extinction occurred at the end of this period, wiping out about 96% of marine species and 70% of terrestrial vertebrates that had existed previously.
a. Ordovician
b. Devonian
c. Mississippian
d. Permian
e. Jurassic

12. The dinosaurs first appear in what geologic period?
a. Pennsylvanian
b. Permian
c. Triassic
d. Cretaceous
e. Tertiary

13. A great mass extinction, believed to have been associated with a massive asteroid impact in the Yucatan region of Mexico occurred at the end of which period?
a. Jurassic
b. Permian
c. Triassic
d. Cretaceous
e. Tertiary

14. Small mammals and flowering plant first appear in abundance in which geologic period?
a. Jurassic
b. Permian
c. Triassic
d. Cretaceous
e. Tertiary

15. The Ice Ages are associated with which geologic period?
a. Jurassic
b. Quaternary
c. Triassic
d. Cretaceous
e. Tertiary

16. The name of the geologic epoch we currently live in is:
a. Tertiary.
b. Cenozoic.
c. Quaternary.
d. Holocene.
e. Weshouldhavecene.

http://gotbooks.miracosta.edu/earth_science/quiz/quiz4.html
8/2/2017